September 10, 2012

How Does A Rechargeable Battery Work?

How Does A Rechargeable Battery Work?
Rechargeable batteries behave like ordinary batteries when they are being discharged. An electrical circuit is created when one material oxidizes, or gives up electrons, while another material immersed in an electrolyte becomes reduced, or gains electrons. The key to a rechargeable battery, however, is that it can reverse this flow of electrons when it is plugged into an electrical outlet (see image above). The material that oxidizes during discharge gains electrons, while the other material gives up electrons.

A More Detailed and Scientific Response
"All batteries, both rechargeable and nonrechargeable, undergo electrochemical reactions. When a battery is discharged, an electrochemical oxidation reaction proceeds at the negative electrode, and an electrochemical reduction reaction occurs at the positive electrode. When one attempts to recharge a battery by reversing the direction of electric current flow, the opposite takes place: a reduction reaction proceeds at the negative electrode, and an oxidation reaction takes place at the positive electrode.

In the case of the rechargeable battery, the electrochemical oxidation- reduction reactions are reversible at both electrodes. For example, when the battery is recharged, the overall electrochemical reduction reaction at the negative electrode is identical to the electrochemical oxidation reaction that proceeded at the negative electrode when the battery was discharged, only written in reverse."

-Frank McLarnon, staff scientist/principal investigator in the Energy & Environment Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory., is an excellent source for portable and mobile rechargeable batteries. The majority of these are Li-iOn (lithium-ion) which outperform other battery cell technologies. They also have a higher capacity, no memory effect, faster charge times, and have a longer shelf/operational life.

1 comment:

  1. Good article. I often wondered how these rechargeable batteries worked, lol



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